Volume 34, Issue 2 (summer 2021)                   JMDP 2021, 34(2): 151-173 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sepahvand R, Taghipour S, Momeni Mofarad M. Expertise Monopoly and Work Environment Deviations: The Intervening Role of Knowledge Concealment and the Mediating Role of Teamwork Motivation. JMDP. 2021; 34 (2) :151-173
URL: http://jmdp.ir/article-1-3950-en.html
1- Professor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Student of Human Resources Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran. , taghipour.s@fc.lu.ac.ir
3- Ph.D. Student of Human Resources Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran.
Abstract:   (933 Views)
Purpose: Contrary to the popular belief that workplace deviations are specific to laborers, they also exist in knowledge environments and manifest themselves in specific ways in knowledge-based companies. Refusing to participate in teamwork and sharing knowledge gained from costly research and development activities are examples of these deviant behaviors. This study intends to investigate into the effects of expertise monopoly on workplace deviations with regard to the intervening role of knowledge concealment as well as the mediating role of teamwork motivation.
Methodology: Based on its purpose, this study is applied and from the perspective of data collection and analysis, it was descriptive applying field-causal method. The statistical population consisted of all managers and specialists of knowledge-based companies located in Tehran Science and Technology Park. Using stratified-random sampling method, 220 subjects were selected as the sample. Data were analyzed through structural equation modeling with partial least squares approach.
Findings: Results show that expertise monopoly through the intervening variable of knowledge concealment positively and significantly affects interpersonal and organizational deviations. Besides, teamwork motivation moderates the effects of employees’ expertise monopoly on knowledge concealment.  
Values: Results of this study can be very effective in developing knowledge sharing strategies to reduce retaliatory behaviors of employees in the workplace.
Full-Text [PDF 1258 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/07/21 | Accepted: 2020/11/28 | ePublished: 2022/01/12

References
1. Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., Crossley, C. D., & Luthans, F. (2009). Psychological Ownership: Theoretical Extensions, Measurement and Relation to Work Outcomes. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 30(2), 173-191. . [DOI:10.1002/job.583]
2. Bennett, R. J., & Robinson, S. L. (2000). Development of a Measure of Workplace Deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(3), 349-360. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.85.3.349]
3. Berry, C. M., Ones, D. S., & Sackett, P. R. (2007). Interpersonal Deviance, Organizational Deviance, and Their Common Correlates: A Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(2), 410-424. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.92.2.410]
4. Bogilović, S., Černe, M., & Škerlavaj, M. (2017). Hiding Behind a Mask? Cultural Intelligence, Knowledge Hiding, and Individual and Team Creativity. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(5), 710-723. [DOI:10.1080/1359432X.2017.1337747]
5. Brown, G., & Robinson, S. L. (2007). The Dysfunction of Territoriality in Organizations. In J. Langan-Fox, C. L. Cooper CBE, & R. J. Klimoski (Eds.), Research Companion to the Dysfunctional Workplace (pp. 252-267): Edward Elgar.
6. Brown, G., Lawrence, T. B., & Robinson, S. L. (2005). Territoriality in Organizations. Academy of Management Review, 30(3), 577-594. [DOI:10.5465/amr.2005.17293710]
7. Černe, M., Hernaus, T., Dysvik, A., & Škerlavaj, M. (2017). The Role of Multilevel Synergistic Interplay among Team Mastery Climate, Knowledge Hiding, and Job Characteristics in Stimulating Innovative Work Behavior. Human Resource Management Journal, 27(2), 281-299. [DOI:10.1111/1748-8583.12132]
8. Černe, M., Nerstad, C. G., Dysvik, A., & Škerlavaj, M. (2014). What Goes Around Comes Around: Knowledge Hiding, Perceived Motivational Climate, and Creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 57(1), 172-192. [DOI:10.5465/amj.2012.0122]
9. Connelly, C. E., & Zweig, D. (2015). How Perpetrators and Targets Construe Knowledge Hiding in Organizations. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(3), 479-489. [DOI:10.1080/1359432X.2014.931325]
10. Connelly, C. E., Zweig, D., Webster, J., & Trougakos, J. P. (2012). Knowledge Hiding in Organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(1), 64-88. [DOI:10.1002/job.737]
11. Conway, J. M. (1999). Distinguishing Contextual Performance from Task Performance for Managerial Jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(1), 3-13. [DOI:10.1037/0021-9010.84.1.3]
12. Everton, W. J., Jolton, J. A., & Mastrangelo, P. M. (2007). Be Nice and Fair or Else: Understanding Reasons for Employees' Deviant Behaviors. Journal of Management Development, 26(2), 117-131. [DOI:10.1108/02621710710726035]
13. Fine, S., Horowitz, I., Weigler, H., & Basis, L. (2010). Is Good Character Good Enough? The Effects of Situational Variables on the Relationship between Integrity and Counterproductive Work Behaviors. Human Resource Management Review, 20(1), 73-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.03.010]
14. Gibbert, M., Leibold, M., & Probst, G. (2002). Five Styles of Customer Knowledge Management, and How Smart Companies Use Them to Create Value. European Management Journal, 20(5), 459-469. [DOI:10.1016/S0263-2373(02)00101-9]
15. Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a Silver Bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139-152. [DOI:10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202]
16. Jahanzeb, S., & Fatima, T. (2018). How Workplace Ostracism Influences Interpersonal Deviance: The Mediating Role of Defensive Silence and Emotional Exhaustion. Journal of Business and Psychology, 33(6), 779-791. [DOI:10.1007/s10869-017-9525-6]
17. Karelaia, N., & Keck, S. (2013). When Deviant Leaders are Punished More Than Non-Leaders: The Role of Deviance Severity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(5), 783-796. [DOI:10.1016/j.jesp.2013.04.003]
18. Kelloway, E. K., & Barling, J. (2000). Knowledge Work as Organizational Behavior. International Journal of Management Reviews, 2(3), 287-304. [DOI:10.1111/1468-2370.00042]
19. MacLane, C. N., & Walmsley, P. T. (2010). Reducing Counterproductive Work Behavior through Employee Selection. Human Resource Management Review, 20(1), 62-72. [DOI:10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.05.001]
20. Malik, O. F., Shahzad, A., Raziq, M. M., Khan, M. M., Yusaf, S., & Khan, A. (2019). Perceptions of Organizational Politics, Knowledge Hiding, and Employee Creativity: The Moderating Role of Professional Commitment. Personality and Individual Differences, 142(1), 232-237. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2018.05.005]
21. Mayer, D. M., Thau, S., Workman, K. M., Van Dijke, M., & De Cremer, D. (2012). Leader Mistreatment, Employee Hostility, and Deviant Behaviors: Integrating Self-Uncertainty and Thwarted Needs Perspectives on Deviance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 117(1), 24-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.obhdp.2011.07.003]
22. O'Leary-Kelly, A. M., Griffin, R. W., & Glew, D. J. (1996). Organization-Motivated Aggression: A Research Framework. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 225-253. [DOI:10.2307/258635]
23. Omar, F., Halim, F. W., Zainah, A., Farhadi, H., Nasir, R., & Khairudin, R. (2011). Stress and Job Satisfaction as Antecedents of Workplace Deviant Behavior. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12(16), 45-51.
24. Peng, H. (2012). Counterproductive Work Behavior among Chinese Knowledge Workers. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 20(2), 119-138. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-2389.2012.00586.x]
25. Pulich, M., & Tourigny, L. (2004). Workplace Deviance: Strategies for Modifying Employee Behavior. The Health Care Manager, 23(4), 290-301. [DOI:10.1097/00126450-200410000-00002]
26. Rhee, Y. W., & Choi, J. N. (2017). Knowledge Management Behavior and Individual Creativity: Goal Orientations as Antecedents and In‐Group Social Status as Moderating Contingency. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 38(6), 813-832. [DOI:10.1002/job.2168]
27. Robinson, S. L., & Bennett, R. J. (1995). A Typology of Deviant Workplace Behaviors: A Multidimensional Scaling Study. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2), 555-572. [DOI:10.5465/256693]
28. Sack, R. D. (1983). Human Territoriality: A Theory. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 73(1), 55-74. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1983.tb01396.x]
29. Singh, S. K. (2019). Territoriality, Task Performance, and Workplace Deviance: Empirical Evidence on Role of Knowledge Hiding. Journal of Business Research, 97(1), 10-19. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.12.034]
30. Škerlavaj, M., Connelly, C. E., Cerne, M., & Dysvik, A. (2018). Tell Me If You Can: Time Pressure, Prosocial Motivation, Perspective Taking, and Knowledge Hiding. Journal of Knowledge Management, 22(7), 1489-1509. [DOI:10.1108/JKM-05-2017-0179]
31. Wang, S., & Noe, R. A. (2010). Knowledge Sharing: A Review and Directions for Future Research. Human Resource Management Review, 20(2), 115-131. [DOI:10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.10.001]
32. Xu, B., Liu, C., & Chen, C. (2019). Competitive Goals and Knowledge Hiding: Roles of Psychological Ownership and Coworker Territoriality. Paper Presented at the Academy of Management Proceedings. [DOI:10.5465/AMBPP.2019.17665abstract]
33. Zeynali, S. P., & Pourezzat, A. (2012). The Effects of Unethical Climate in Working Environment on Organizational Anti-Citizenship Behaviors. Ethics in Science & Technology, 6(4), 31-40. [Link:ethicsjournal.ir/article-1-747-fa.html]
34. Zhao, H., Xia, Q., He, P., Sheard, G., & Wan, P. (2016). Workplace Ostracism and Knowledge Hiding in Service Organizations. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 59(1), 84-94. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijhm.2016.09.009]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.