Volume 34, Issue 2 (summer 2021)                   JMDP 2021, 34(2): 29-62 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadinejad F, Kamali Y, Sheikhzadeh Joshani S. Challenges of Development Policies Implementation in Iran: A Thematic Analysis. JMDP. 2021; 34 (2) :29-62
URL: http://jmdp.ir/article-1-4076-en.html
1- M.A. in Political Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Political Sciences, Faculty of Law and Theology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. , yahyakamali@uk.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Political Sciences, Faculty of Law and Theology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
Abstract:   (1128 Views)
Purpose: This research aims to identify and categorize the implementation challenges of development policies in Iran. Policy implementation is one of the most important steps in the policy-making process, which highlights the results of the previous steps in order to optimize the output and results of the policies. 
Methodology: Using thematic analysis method, the research data were analyzed by open and axial coding. Purposive sampling was used and data included scientific articles as well as reports of organizations and research centers related to the implementation of development policies, which were collected by applying a documentary method. Besides, data source triangulation and researcher triangulation were used for coding the data and categorizing the concepts. 
Findings: Results of the two stages of data coding show that the challenges of development policies implementation in Iran can be categorized into five themes: 1. nature of the formulated policies, 2. characteristics of the implementers, 3. structures and administrating organizations, 4. conditions and environment of implementation, 5. implementation sources and tools. The identification of the challenges of implementing development policies in Iran can help Iranian policy makers and managers take them in their future policy-making so that they may avoid the imminent problems.
Value: The use of qualitative method of thematic analysis and a wide range of data sources has led to the presentation of a new classification of implementation challenges of development policies in Iran, which covers different aspects of policy implementation.
Full-Text [PDF 992 kb]   (217 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/12/31 | Accepted: 2021/04/18 | ePublished: 2022/01/12

1. Abasi, A., Motazadiyan, R., & Mirzaii, M. (2016). Investigation the Barriers of Public Policy Implementation in Governmental Organizations. Organizational Resources Management Researchs, 6(2), 49-69. [link:ormr.modares.ac.ir/article-28-2015-fa.html]
2. Anderson, J. (1984). Public Policy Making, New York. Holt, Rinehart and Wiston.
3. Arghavani Pirsalami, F., & Gholami, M. H. (2018). Economic Diplomacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran within the Framework of Development Plans: Recognition of the Shortcomings of 4th to 6th Development Plans. Journal of Legal Studies, 10(2), 1-27. [DOI:10.22099/JLS.2018.28577.2832]
4. Ashtarian, K., Keshvardoost, S., & Farahani, M. (2015). Implementation Research in Public Policy; Barriers to Optimal Implementation of Forth Development Plan in Health and Culture Section. Public Policy, 1(2), 17-28. [DOI:10.22059/PPOLICY.2015.57157]
5. Ashtarian, K., Keshvardust Jobone, S., & Haji Ahmadi, F. (2014). Examination of Political Factors' Impact on Enforcement of the Fifth Development Plan: Case Study of Health Care. Research Letter of Political Science, 9(4), 7-22. [Link:www.ipsajournal.ir/article_244.html]
6. Attar, S. (2014). Making Distinction to Analytical Areas on Development: Seven Analytical Areas in Answering to Why Do Countries Have Developed. Politics Quarterly, 44(3), 527-546. [DOI:10.22059/jpq.2014.53362]
7. Attar, S., & Markaz Malamiri, A. (2019). Requirements of Planning for Development According to the Experiences of Selected Countries: With Emphasis on Article 150 of the Iran's Fifth Development Plan. Politics Quarterly, 49(4), 1101-1120. [DOI:10.22059/jpq.2020.242145.1007138]
8. Barrett, S. M. (2004). Implementation Studies: Time for a Revival? Personal Reflections on 20 Years of Implementation Studies. Public Administration, 82(2), 249-262. [DOI:10.1111/j.0033-3298.2004.00393.x]
9. Berman, P. (1978). The Study of Macro-and Micro-Implementation. Public Policy, 26(2), 157-184.
10. Birjandi, M., Shobeiri, S., & Larijani, M. (2018). An Overview on the Main Policies in Formulating and Implementing Environmental Education Approaches in the Sixth Development Plan of Iran. The Scientific Journal of Strategy, 26(84), 133-147. [Link:rahbord.csr.ir/article_124643.html]
11. Block, F. (2008). Swimming Against the Current: The Rise of a Hidden Developmental State in the United States. Politics & Society, 36(2), 169-206. [DOI:10.1177/0032329208318731]
12. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. [DOI:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa]
13. Danaiefard, H., Saghafi, E., & Moshabaki, A. (2012). Public Policy Implementation: Explaining the Role of Rationality in Policy Formulation. Management Research in Iran, 14(4), 79-106. [Link: http://mri.modares.ac.ir/article-19-9088-fa.html]
14. DeGroff, A., & Cargo, M. (2009). Policy Implementation: Implications for Evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation, 2009(124), 47-60. [DOI:10.1002/ev.313]
15. DeLeon, P. (2001). A Democratic Approach to Policy Implementation. Paper Presented at the Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, August.
16. Ejtehadi, M., & Davoudi, R. (2007). Structural Pathology of Higher Education System in Executing Its Five-Year Development Plans and Proposing Suitable Strategies. Research in Curriculum Planning, 1(15), 1-24. [Link:http://jsr-e.khuisf.ac.ir/article_534073.html]
17. Fischer, F., & Miller, G. J. (2017). Handbook of Public Policy Analysis: Theory, Politics, and Methods: Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9781315093192]
18. Ghaffary, G. (2016). Dynamics of Development Programs in Iran Post Islamic Revolution. Quarterly of Social Studies and Research in Iran, 5(1), 1-18.
19. Godarzi, M., Rezaalizadeh, H., Gharibi, J., & Mohseni, M. (2014). Pathology of Science and Technology Policies of Iran: An Analysis of the Five-Year Development plans. Journal of Technology Development Management, 2(3), 137-161. [DOI:10.22104/jtdm.2015.184]
20. Keshvardoost, S. (2017). Examination of the Factors Affecting the Implementation of Fifth Development Plan in Culture and Health Section in Iran Emphasized the Role of Implementation Research in Public Policy. Politics Quarterly, 47(2), 471-487. [DOI:10.22059/jpq.2017.61766]
21. Khan, A. R., & Khandaker, S. (2016). A Critical Insight into Policy Implementation and Implementation Performance. Viesoji Politika ir Administravimas, 15(4), 538-548.
22. Lester, J. P., & Stewart, J. (2000). Public Policy: An Evolutionary Approach Wadsworth. Stamford. USA.
23. Maknoon, R., Salimi, J., & Bahrami, M. (2014). A Meta-Analysis of Iranian Development Plans' Pathologies. Quarterly Journal of Rahbord Eghtesadi, 3(10), 137-167. [Link:http://econrahbord.csr.ir/article_103266.html]
24. Mokhtrianpour, M. (2014). Factors Facilitating Successful Implementation of State Cultural Policies; Based on Experiences of the First to Fourth Development Plans. Rāhburd-i Farhang, 7(27), 33-62. [Link:http://www.jsfc.ir/article_15107.html]
25. Motavaseli, M., Momeni, F., Lajevardi, R., & Ranjbar, M. M. (2018). Rationality and Chaos in Planning: An Emphasis on Goulet's Theory of Rationality. Economics Research, 18(69), 193-225. [DOI:10.22054/joer.2018.8868]
26. Onyekwelu, R. U., Okpalibekwe, U. N., & Dike, E. E. (2015). The Bureaucracy and the Challenges of Policy-Formulation and Implementation: The Nigerian Experience. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review (OMAN Chapter), 4(10), 12-18. [DOI:10.12816/0019090]
27. Pressman, J. L., & Wildavsky, A. (1984). Implementation: How Great Expectations in Washington Are Dashed in Oakland; Or, Why It's Amazing that Federal Programs Work at All, This Being a Saga of the Economic Development Administration as Told by Two Sympathetic Observers Who Seek to Build Morals on a Foundation (Vol. 708): University of California Press.
28. Pülzl, H., & Treib, O. (2017). Implementing Public Policy. In Handbook of Public Policy Analysis (pp. 115-134): Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9781315093192-15]
29. Rashidi, M., & Raddadi, A. (2009). Network Model of Government: An Alternative for Development Planning System in Iran. Journal of Management and Development Process, 21(4), 3-33. [Link: http://jmdp.ir/article-1-726-fa.html]
30. Rice, R. E., & Rogers, E. M. (1980). Reinvention in the Innovation Process. Knowledge, 1(4), 499-514. [DOI:10.1177/107554708000100402]
31. Sajjadi, H., & Motaghi, E. (2014). Examining the Possibility of Monitoring and Control of Iran Development Plans. Political Knowledge, 10(2), 37-61.
32. Sameni, A., Mayhari, M. T., & Vafaei, E. (2021). Evaluating the Islamic-Iranian Model of Progress from the Perspective of Territorial Development Policy with Emphasis on the Institutional Approach. The Scientific Journal of Strategy, 29(4), 165-194. [Link:http://rahbord.csr.ir/article_125665.html]
33. Tabatabaee, A., Hasani, P., Mortazavi, H., & Tabatabaeichehr, M. (2013). Strategies to Enhance Rigor in Qualitative Research. [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.3.663]
34. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, 5(3), 663-670. [Link: http://journal.nkums.ac.ir/article-1-403-fa.html]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.